Satendra K Jan 25, 2024
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What is Cyber Attack? Definition and Prevention

Keeping data, information, and resources secure is difficult in the era of vulnerability, where numerous threats and hazards are constantly vying for virtual assets. Everyone is concerned and terrified about cyber attacks, which are among the most popular ways to take advantage of digital assets.

Cyber-attack is a phrase that generally refers to a wide range of malicious actions aimed at damaging resources or data. The phrase refers to any unauthorized access effort to a certain system, computer, or device. Learn more on cyber attacks in depth.

How Do You Define Cyber Attacks?

A broad term with broad meanings, "cyber-attack" covers a lot of ground. In simple terms, it is the aggressive method a hacker or threat actor uses to damage the valuable content of a person or a company. Systems, smartphones, connections, databases, data management, security architecture, and a host of other assets could be among the assets that are impacted because of cyber attacks.

In order to access the stored information or cause related functions to malfunction, the main goal of a cyber-attack is to get admin-level access to a specific asset or corrupt it. The majority of cyberattacks are planned and carried out by a malicious individual or group, often known as a cybercriminal, or by a criminal organization. They may be internal or external resources.

You may also like to read: Top in Demand Cybersecurity Skills

Cyber Attacks and Cyber Attackers

Cyberattacks carried out by third-party criminal organizations, expert hackers, or government actors are regarded as external threats. The assailants don't even know the target well and don't hold any personal grudges against them. Simply said, they find a weakness in the infrastructure or security system of the target and use it to their advantage.

These are the dependable individuals who have already been granted verified access to an organization's digital assets. These professionals occasionally abuse these resources for their own benefit. Most internal cyber-attacks involve negligent personnel, a fired employee with access to sensitive data, or irate clients, partners, or contractors.

They abuse the resources and the trust that has been placed in them. However, internal resources can be used in cyberattacks that aren't necessarily planned in advance. They may occasionally occur unintentionally as well.

Cyber Attacks: Reasons And Causes

A cyber-attack may have any number of motives, including the theft of data or money. The following are some of the main causes for conducting a cyber-attack. The majority of cyberattacks are designed to bring in money. 

  • A successful cyberattack, at the very least, has the potential to benefit the attacker in many ways, the profit can be in the millions of dollars.
  • The acquisition of business intelligence is the second primary motive for a cyberattack. Hackers strive to take control of a certain organization or enterprise to demonstrate their superiority, and they do this through obtaining login, access data, confidential material, and other information.
  • There have been instances where a hacker grabbed important data and gave it away on the dark web. 
  • Cyberattacks can be govt sponsored and can occur for political reasons. A form of cyberattack known as hacktivism focuses on raising people's political consciousness. For example, Anonymous has already launched cyberattacks against political groups to expose internal conspiracies, corruption, and many other issues.
  • Cyberattacks are prompted by personal grudges against one person or a company. An employee might steal data if, for example, the appropriate promotion was not given to them. There are ethical or "good-intentioned" hackers known as "white hats" that launch cyber-attacks in order to expose hidden vulnerabilities or test an organization's defenses. Because data was easily accessible or the end-user was ignorant of appropriate security procedures, hackers occasionally commit cyberattacks.

Ways to Prevent Cyber Attacks

Although a cyber attack might be extremely damaging and dangerous, protecting resources against it is still achievable if you use the greatest defences available. Here are a few ways to prevent Cyber-attacks:

Use a Firewall and Antivirus that Works Well with Your Systems

One of the simplest yet most effective ways to keep unwelcome annoyances at bay is by using a firewall and antivirus software, which can filter all incoming traffic, identify harmful information, and monitor activities on the device. It takes little effort to use this program because everything is automated.

Use Internal Controls

Experts to propose tight internal control techniques as a means of preventing or reducing cyberattack events. Make sure access controls are in place for all of the resources because only verified and trusted resources can access them.

Update System Regularly

The end-users can choose from a variety of cutting-edge security features with each system/OS. System/OS updates can make devices less vulnerable to cyber attacks.

Training Staff

Employees that understand the value of cyber security are a strong line of defence against cyber-attacks because they won't tolerate bad behaviour, won't allow unauthorized personnel access, and won't leave resources open to phishing scams. In addition to having several awareness activities, organizations should offer cybersecurity training for new hires. 

Also read: Top Reasons Why Cybersecurity is Important

Constant Monitoring

To catch any harmful behaviour in its early stages, every source of information, activity, and third party should always be monitored. A robust monitoring mechanism needs to be in place.

Regular Data Backups

Even in the event of a cyber-attack, you are less likely to lose important data if you regularly back up your data since you are prepared for the worst-case situation.

Control the Access to your System

Controlling who could have access to your network is crucial because accept it or not, one of the cyberattacks your business can experience on your networks can be physical. The ability to view your whole system or infect it is available to anyone who enters your office or business and plugs a USB key with malware attacks into any of your machines. Accessibility to your computers under strict supervision is crucial. A security management system is a great approach to preventing both break-ins and cybercrime.

Check out:  Future of Cybersecurity- Growing Cyber Risks & Prevention


Getting started with defending your company from cybercrime and cyber attacks can be challenging. There is so much information available that it can be debilitating, particularly when the information is contradictory.

You may also be interested in: How to Become a Cybersecurity Professional?

Locations Where Edoxi Offers Cybersecurity Certification Courses

Here is the list of other major locations where Edoxi offers Cybersecurity Certification Courses

Country UAE Oman Qatar
Course Location Dubai Muscat Doha

Chief Technology Officer & Cyber Security Expert Trainer

Satendra K is the Chief Technology Officer at Edoxi Training Institute. A cyber security program leader with more than ten years of experience, he possesses a deep level understanding of state-of-the-art security technologies. His polished communication skills play an influential role in his career as a trainer. As a core member of our cyber security courses team, he oversees the development of cutting-edge curriculum and novel modes of course delivery.